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In this lesson, we look at the structure of the genome and the chromosomes of organisms and we also take a look at the different laws of Mendel and how these laws explain how characteristics are inherited from the parents to and offspring.
We discuss the structure of genetic diagrams and use the diagrams to show inheritance in monohybrid crosses to determine the percentage chance of an offspring inheriting a specific characteristic from their parents.
We investigate crosses between individuals when there is incomplete dominance between the different characteristics and what the phenotypes will look like in such cases. We do the same with co-dominant traits.